Because, in a way, Mexico beats the United States at the border. Prior to NAFTA, the merchandise trade balance between the two countries was modest in favour of the United States. In 2018, Mexico sold more than $72 billion more to the United States than it bought from its northern neighbor. NAFTA is a huge and extremely complicated agreement. A look at economic growth can lead to one conclusion, while a look at the trade balance leads to another. While the impact of NAFTA is not easy to understand, some winners and losers are fairly clear. Critics of NAFTA often focus on the U.S. trade balance with Mexico. While the United States enjoys a slight advantage in services trade by exporting $30.8 billion in 2015 while importing $21.6 billion, the trade balance with the country is generally negative, due to a yawning deficit of $58.8 billion in merchandise trade in 2016. This represents a surplus of $1.7 billion in 1993 (in 1993, the deficit was $36.1 billion). A 2003 Congressional Budget Office report concluded that the agreement “increased the annual GDP of the United States, but by a very small amount – probably no more than a few billion dollars or a few hundredths percent.” The CRS cited the report in 2015 and suggested that it had not reached another conclusion. But while Mexico was “beating us economically” in the trade sense, imports were not the only ones responsible for the real growth in merchandise trade from 1993 to 2016, of 264%.
Real exports to Mexico more than tripled during this period and increased by 213%; From 1993 to 2015, real U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) per capita increased 39.3% to $51,638 (2010). Canada`s GDP per capita increased 40.3% to $50,001, and Mexico increased 24.1% to $9,511. In other words, Mexico`s per capita output growth has been slower than that of Canada or the United States, whereas at first it was only one-fifth of its neighbours. Normally, growth in an emerging market economy would be expected to be greater than that of developed economies. The U.S. record on services trade with Canada is positive: it imported $28.8 billion in 2015 and exported $56.1 billion. Its trade balance is negative – the United States imported $22.6 billion more worth of goods from Canada than it exported in 2017 – but the services trade surplus overshadows the goods trade deficit. The total U.S. trade surplus with Canada in 2018 was $9.1 billion. US President Donald Trump opposed it during his campaign.
US President Donald Trump opposed it during his campaign. , promised to renegotiate the agreement and “demolish” it if the United States could not obtain its desired concessions. A renegotiated agreement between the United States and Mexico-Canada was adopted in 2020 to update NAFTA. But why did Trump and many of his supporters see NAFTA as “the worst trade deal of all time,” while others saw their main flaw as a lack of ambition and the solution as even more regional integration? What did we promise? What was delivered? Who were the winners of NAFTA and who were the losers? Read on to learn more about the history of the agreement, as well as the key players in the agreement, and how they paid off. After all, three low-key events have had a significant impact on the North American economy, none of which can be attributed to NAFTA. The collapse of the technology bubble has led to growth. The September 11 attacks led to a severe crackdown on border crossings, particularly between the United States and Mexico, but also between the United States and Canada. In a 2013 Department of Foreign Affairs article, Michael Wilson, Canada`s Minister of International Trade from 1991 to 1993, wrote that on the same day of crossings with the United States.